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02 2021-07

Irradiation crosslinking of PVC

Irradiation crosslinking is one of the earliest PVC crosslinking methods, and it is also the most widely used crosslinking method. The United States, Japan and other countries have used this method to produce radiation-crosslinked PVC insulated wires. Ordinary PVC materials are not cross-linked under irradiation, and dehydrochlorination and degradation reactions mainly occur, and conjugated double bonds are generated to discolor the product. In 1959, Pinner and Miller first discovered that polyfunctional unsaturated monomers can strengthen the cross-linking reaction under PVC irradiation, thereby making PVC irradiation cross-linking possible. The added polyfunctional unsaturated monomers mainly include trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate (TMPTMA), trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), triallyl isocyanurate (TAIC), triene Propyl cyanurate (TAC), tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDM), tetraethylene glycol diacrylate (TEG-DA), tripropylene glycol diacrylate (TPGDA), dipropylene glycol diacrylate (DPGDA) etc.   Over the years, a large number of studies have gradually revealed the reaction principle and structural changes in PVC irradiation crosslinking, and have been able to control the structure and performance of irradiation crosslinked PVC products, so that the irradiation crosslinking technology of PVC has become increasingly mature. PVC irradiation cross-linking generally takes Co60-γ rays or high-energy electron (EB) rays as the irradiation source, multifunctional unsaturated monomer as the cross-linking agent, and the cross-linking reaction is a free radical reaction. PVC is exposed to C- The Cl bond is broken to form a free radical active center. The polyfunctional unsaturated monomer preferentially generates free radicals and self-polymerizes upon being triggered by irradiation. At the same time, it is grafted onto PVC long chain free radicals. Joint agent) γ-PVC. VK SHARMA and others used electron beam (EB) to irradiate cross-linked soft PVC, and studied the effects of three cross-linking agents-TMPTA, TEGDM and TEGDA on the cross-linking rate and thermal stability of soft PVC. (TBLS) as the stabilizer of the system. The results show that 5% TMPTA has the best cross-linking effect. When the gel mass fraction is 60%, its tensile strength reaches 23.5MPa, which is about 7% higher than when it is not cross-linked. At the same time, the volume of cross-linked soft PVC The resistivity and decomposition temperature can also be significantly improved. Ratnam et al. Adopted the same irradiation cross-linking method, using TMPTA to cross-link hard PVC, and TBLS as the stabilizer of the system. The gel content and tensile strength of hard PVC were studied when the irradiation dose was 20-200 kGy. The relationship between the hardness and the Tg at the irradiation dose of 100kGy were also determined, and the FTIR analysis confirmed that the method of electron beam irradiation can effectively avoid the occurrence of degradation reactions. The study found that when the irradiation dose was 100 kGy, the gel mass fraction reached 85%. At this time, the Tg of the cross-linked hard PVC was increased by 2.5 ° C compared with the uncross-linked sample. At the same time, the research on the performance of radiation cross-linked hard PVC shows that the tensile strength and hardness of the hard PVC sample cross-linked with the appropriate amount of cross-linking agent (4%) have been significantly improved when the gel mass fraction reaches At 80%, its tensile strength reaches the maximum value of 55MPa, which is 30% higher than when it is not cross-linked. At this time, the hardness of hard PVC also increased by about 13%, and with the increase in the gel mass fraction showed an increasing trend. Radiation cross-linking of PVC is a very complex reaction, mainly including PVC cross-linking, degradation, HCl removal, etc. The influence of various factors on the cross-linking of PVC irradiation is achieved by affecting the competitive relationship between the three. The process of PVC irradiation crosslinking reaction is affected by many factors: irradiation dose, irradiation temperature, reaction atmosphere, crosslinking agent, plasticizer, filler and processing aid. Compared with the chemical cross-linking method, the irradiation cross-linking method has many advantages and is widely used in the wire and cable industry. Irradiated crosslinked PVC products have excellent performance, high production efficiency, energy saving, and no environmental pollution. With people's attention to environmental issues and the advancement of irradiation technology, PVC irradiation cross-linking technology will surely attract more and more people's attention.
02 2021-07

General installation instructions for heat shrink products

Always select the largest size of tubing that will still fit snugly after shrinking, accroding to the shrink ratio of the product being used. For example, for a 2:1 product, select approximately twice the diameter. Cut the tubing to the exact length required(ie, no shrinkage in length) with a clean, square cut to avoid splitting.    Position tubing over object and heat evenly until tubing shrinks into place or will shrink no further.  Products containing pre-installed adhesive may need extra heat to melt and flow the adhesive for propper  application.   Keep the heat source or product moving, so the heat is not concentrated in one spot. Keepp the heat source at least one inch away from tubing, using a low-intensity source such as a hot air gun, oven, infrared heat source or soft(yellow) flame.
28 2020-03

What is fiber optic splice tube and function?

Optical fiber heat-shrinkable tube is also called heat-shrinkable optical fiber protection tube, mainly including heat-shrinkable tube, hot-melt tube and stainless steel needle or ceramic three parts. Optical fiber heat shrinkable tube is a specially designed optical fiber splicing protection element composed of crosslinked polyolefin, heat shrinkable tube and reinforced stainless steel wire. It can improve the mechanical strength of the optical fiber fusion splice point, protect the fusion splice point, and ensure the reliability of fusion splice. . Before shrinking the optical fiber heat shrinkable tube, the transparent outer layer can be used to detect the correct connection of the optical joint, so that the optical fiber can be easily and safely assembled, and provide protection. After the contraction, the transmission characteristics of the optical fiber can be maintained and the optical joint Provide strength and protection.
20 2020-03

What are the characteristics of heat shrinkable tubes for automotive wiring harness

1. High temperature resistance 150 ℃. 175 ° C. Three levels at 200 ℃ 2. Oil resistance, strong corrosion resistance and strong insulation 3. wear-resistant, thicker than the wall of ordinary heat shrinkable tube 4. with low melting point, waterproof sealing and mechanical strain buffering performance 5. four times or higher multiple shrinkage, double-layer structure, built-in hot melt adhesive, waterproof, moisture-proof, anti-vibration dislocation 6. the thicker hot melt adhesive layer has excellent sealing performance, effectively resists the immersion of fluids and moisture.  7. higher mechanical properties and wear resistance, to perform stress relief and Excellent protection against wear 8. The operating temperature ranges from -40 ℃ to 135 ℃, and the applicable temperature range is wider (initial shrinkage temperature: 110 ℃, complete shrinkage temperature: 135 ℃)
22 2021-06

UPM Heat Shrink Tube Is Approved By FORD MOTOER Company

UPM A1 heat shrink tube product complies with Ford Motoer Company's Heat Shrink Tubing performance specification, ES-LU5T-1A263-AA(SDC41A). This product cab be used for many suitable application for wire harnesses on Ford vehiicles. 
29 2020-10

UPM Will Attend 2021 Electronica China Exhibition

Union Polymer Material Co.,Ltd will attend 2021 Electronica China exhibition in Shanghai Date: April: 14-16th Booth no.: N1-N5, C1 Shanghai New International Expo Center We will take our latest new heat shrink product for automotive , military, electronic, telecommunication use.  Welcome to see you on our stall. 
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